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Layer, broiler, and Kuroiler





Layer, broiler, and Kuroiler

Chickens farmed primarily for eggs are called layer hens.

Chickens farmed for meat are called broiler chickens.

 

Typical broilers have white feathers and yellowish skin. Most commercial broilers reach slaughter-weight between

four and seven weeks of age, although slower growing breeds reach slaughter-weight at approximately 14 weeks

of age.

 

Management of ventilation, housing, stocking density and in-house procedures must be evaluated regularly to 

support good welfare of the flock. The breeding stock (broiler-breeders) grow to maturity and beyond but also 

have welfare issues related to the frustration of a high feeding motivation and beak trimming. Broilers are usually

grown as mixed-sex flocks in large sheds under intensive conditions, but some breeds can be grown as free-range 

flocks.

 


Also Read: Does 'cage-free' mean a better life for chickens?



Broilers & Layers significantly differ from each other.

** Primary striking difference is layers are females whereas broilers are unsexed comprising both males and females

Broilers are reared for meat purpose whereas layers are reared for egg production.


** Broilers attain a body weight of around 2.2- 2.4 kg within 6 weeks because of their fast growth on the flip side 

layers attain a body weight of 1.5–1.8 kg at their sexual maturity (20-22weeks)


** Broilers are reared for a span of 38–42 days and then they are marketed and slaughtered for meat. Layers attain 

sexual maturity around 20–22 weeks and laying eggs up to 72 weeks of age and then they are either moulted or

sold as spent hens.


** Commercially deep litter system of housing is best suited for rearing broilers whereas it is preferred to rear layers 

in caged housing systems.


** Usually broilers are reared in batches in an allin-allout system in a single rearing shed. Whereas layers are reared 

as per different growth stages in different sheds ie., Chicks(0-8weeks), growers (9–22 weeks) and layers (23–72 weeks).

 


Also Read: Three Factors make Poultry Farming a Profitable Business



The Kuroiler

The Kuroiler is a hybrid breed of chicken developed in India.

Kuroilers, a dual-purpose breed producing meat and eggs, can live on a diet of kitchen and agricultural waste, 

and produce around 150 eggs per year whereas native Indian hens lay only 40 per year. The meat yield per bird 

of Kuroilers is also greater; males weigh approximately 3.5 kg  and females about 2.5 kg whereas the native male

bird weighs 2.5 kg and females 1.2 kg. Due to its unique genetic features, the Kuroiler is resistant to diseases. 


the kuroiler chick is a potential bio-converter of no cost agricultural, household and natural waste abundant in 

villages — into human protein food and substantial incomes for rural households. 

Kuroilers have also been exported to countries such as Uganda with success.